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Definition of Counselling


Definition of Counselling

Cambridge Dictionary

“the job or process of listening to someone and giving them advice about their problems:”

The Concise Oxford Dictionary (9th Edition)

gives at least two definitions of counselling, which seem to be conflicting, adding to potential confusion:

“give advice to (a person) on social or personal problems, especially professionally.”
“the process of assisting and guiding clients, especially by a trained person on a professional basis, to resolve especially personal, social, or psychological problems and difficulties.”

Counsellor Client Relationship

The method that a counsellor uses when they set aside time with a client to enable them together to discover a client’s stressful or emotional feelings.

The method sets out to help the client to see things if possible from a different viewpoint perhaps see things more clearly. The purpose is to help the client to focus on their feelings or behaviour to bring about a positive change.

It is a paramount importance that the counsellor helps to set up a relationship of trust where the client has explained to them the confidentiality of their meetings. It may be necessary to explain to the client that if they believe there is a risk to life they may be required by law to disclose information to perhaps their supervisor or a member of law enforcement.

How the EAC defines Counselling

Counselling is an interactive client beneficial relationship set up to approach a clients issues. These issues can be social, cultural and or emotional and the Counsellor will approach them in a holistic way. A client can be a person, or a family group or even an institution.

The overall aim of counselling is to help clients recognise opportunities to help them live in more satisfying and rewarding ways as individuals and as members of society. The Counsellor can be involved in resolving specific problems which could involve making decisions and helping a client cope when in a crisis situation. The Counsellor can help a client resolve relationship issues,through helping them raise their self-awareness. To do this they will also need to work with the clients feelings, thoughts and perceptions and be aware of both internal and external conflicts.



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